Articles ＆ files | Energies | Energy efficiency | Processes, transport, green IT | Electric vehicles
Low-carbon Mobility / Free-carbon Mobility
The latest advances in electric mobility align with national, EU, and international energy policies designed to prepare us for two challenges in the coming decades:
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions and curb pollution in urban areas.
Achieve energy independence at the national and EU levels to reduce oil imports and minimize dependency on critical raw materials with the goal of bolstering the national and EU economies in the global arena.
To develop an electric or hybrid-electric vehicle, a battery (or fuel cell) alone is not enough. A holistic, system-level approach is needed from the early design phases. When designing and building hybrid battery/fuel-cell drivetrains, Liten addresses all aspects, from the power and control electronics and the integration of these systems into prototypes through to monitoring and interpreting data from road tests. Liten also addresses how to couple these vehicles with renewable energy, working closely with other research groups that focus on developments for cars and other land, air, and water vehicles.
The current maximum operating temperature for commercial PEMFCs of 80°C acts as a brake to the wider use of this technology in the decarbonizing of the heavy transportation sector.
CEA-Liten, a CEA Tech institute, improved and updated its dimensioning software for energy systems combining fuel cells and batteries. The new release should help make developing hybrid electric vehicles more efficient.
A 50 kW SOFC-type fuel cell will be installed on board the MSC Europa cruise ship (built by the Chantiers de l’Atlantique shipyard) in 2022. The project* is financed by French energy agency ADEME and marks a major step toward making cruise ships more environmentally friendly.
Transportation and Mobility
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.