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Permanent magnets are vital to many of the new technologies that will enable the energy transition. The systems inside electric vehicles and wind turbines are prime examples. Among the high-performance components that make up these systems are neodymium (NdFeB) magnets. These particularly powerful magnets can help make electric machines substantially more compact, reliable, and efficient. The downside is that they contain more than 30% rare metals. China has a virtual monopoly on neodymium and dysprosium production, for example, and reducing dependency on foreign suppliers for these and other rare metals is now a major strategic challenge for all of Europe, including France.
The CEA is joining forces with Orano, Valeo, Paprec, and Daimantel France to lay the groundwork for a domestic high-performance permanent magnet industry under a project called MAGNOLIA. By 2025 the partners will:
CEA-Liten will be tasked with increasing the current capacities of the pilot line at the Powder Metallurgy Platform to 4 tons and bringing the technologies needed to reduce or replace critical raw materials to maturity. This will include solutions to:
This project was financed by the French government under the economic stimulus instrument "France Relance".
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.